每日一词:buttress(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 30, 2019 is:

buttress • \BUTT-russ\  • noun

1 architecture : a projecting structure of masonry or wood for supporting or giving stability to a wall or building

2 : something that resembles a buttress: such as

a : a projecting part of a mountain or hill

b biology : a horny protuberance on a horse’s hoof at the heel

c botany : the broadened base of a tree trunk or a thickened vertical part of it

3 : something that supports or strengthens

Examples:

“The root system of one of the cedars has been hollowed out into a den, in which Neasloss finds black bear hair. One of the tree’s buttresses has been chopped long ago by what he recognizes was a nephrite ax, the green jade axes that the coastal people used until 1846, when they adopted steel axes.” — Alex Shoumatoff, Smithsonian, September 2015

“The modifications to Isabella [Dam] include raising the profile of the main and auxiliary dams 16 feet, adding buttresses and other safety features, and excavating 100 feet deep to build the huge spillway.” — Steven Mayer, The Bakersfield Californian, 28 July 2019

Did you know?

In architecture, a buttress is an exterior support that projects from a wall to resist the sideways force, called thrust, created by the load on an arch or roof. The word buttress was first adopted into English as butres in the 14th century. It came to us from the Anglo-French (arche) boteraz, meaning “thrusting (arch),” and ultimately derives from the verb buter, “to thrust.” Buter is also the source of our verb butt, meaning “to thrust, push, or strike with the head or horns.” Buttress developed figurative use relatively soon after its adoption, being applied to anything that supports or strengthens something else.


Lake桑

September 30, 2019 at 01:00PM

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又一个周一。

一周又开始了。加油工作!(由 IFTTT 发送)

Lake桑

September 30, 2019 at 07:00AM

每日一词:Elysian(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 29, 2019 is:

Elysian • \ih-LIZH-un\  • adjective

1 : of or relating to Elysium

2 : blissful, delightful

Examples:

“On such a balmy summer day, on this Elysian isle, anything seemed possible.” — Dorothy West, The Wedding, 1995

“No matter what one’s childhood is, a seeming Elysian remembrance or a parental vendetta, the understanding of the afflatus of a poet lies elsewhere.” — Edward Dahlberg, “Hart Crane” (1966), reprinted in The Company They Kept (2006)

Did you know?

In classical mythology, Elysium, also known as the Elysian Fields, was the paradise reserved for the heroes immortalized by the gods. Ancient Greek poets imagined it as the abode of the blessed after death, but in English the concept has more often been applied figuratively. In his history play Henry V, William Shakespeare used the place-name as a word for a peaceful state of sleep enjoyed by a mere mortal, and 18th-century English lexicographer and author Samuel Johnson wrote in The Rambler that in reading pastoral poetry we allow ourselves “to be transported to elysian regions, where we are met with nothing but joy, and plenty, and contentment…” In Walden a century later Henry David Thoreau wrote that “The summer, in some climates, makes possible to man a sort of Elysian life.”


Lake桑

September 29, 2019 at 01:00PM

每日一词:hegemony(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 28, 2019 is:

hegemony • \hih-JEM-uh-nee\  • noun

1 : preponderant influence or authority over others : domination

2 : the social, cultural, ideological, or economic influence exerted by a dominant group

Examples:

“According to Chinese analysts’ telling of World War II, the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931 and the invasion of China proper in 1937 were part of the U.S. strategy to pit the two Asian nations against each other in an endless war that would prevent either from rising to threaten American hegemony in the western Pacific.” — Michael Pillsbury, The Hundred-Year Marathon, 2015

“The sweeping restrictions come as New York and other cities fundamentally rethink the role of cars in the face of unrelenting traffic that is choking their streets, poisoning the environment and crippling public transit systems by trapping buses and light rail systems in gridlock. It is becoming a moment of reckoning—and, cars, which once had absolute hegemony over the streets, are losing.” – Winnie Hu, The New York Times, 8 Aug. 2019

Did you know?

Hegemony comes to English from the Greek hēgemonia, a noun formed from the verb hēgeisthai (“to lead”), which also gave us the word exegesis (meaning “exposition” or “explanation”). Hegemony was first used in English in the mid-16th century in reference to the control once wielded by the ancient Greek states, and it was reapplied in later centuries as other nations subsequently rose to power. By the 19th century, it had acquired a second sense referring to the social or cultural influence wielded by a dominant member over others of its kind, such as the domination within an industry by a business conglomerate over smaller businesses.


Lake桑

September 28, 2019 at 01:00PM

每日一词:cleave(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 27, 2019 is:

cleave • \KLEEV\  • verb

1 : to divide (something) by or as if by a cutting blow : split

2 : to separate (something) into distinct parts and especially into groups having divergent views

3 : to subject to chemical cleavage

4 : to split especially along the grain

5 : to penetrate or pass through something by or as if by cutting

Examples:

“The surface you’re cutting against will have a greater impact on your knife’s edge than the food you’re chopping up, assuming you aren’t regularly cleaving through massive bones.” — Paul Stephen, The San Antonio Express News, 10 July 2019

“Of course, single-item restaurants are nothing new…. But they don’t usually serve something so divisive as polenta. You see, the slow-cooked dish of maize cleaves opinion like a Justin Bieber concert. You either love it or loathe it—and ever has it been so.” — Samuel Muston, The Independent (London), 30 Jan. 2014

Did you know?

Cleave has two homographs, each with a distinct origin. There is cleave meaning “to adhere firmly and closely or loyally and unwaveringly,” as in “a family that cleaves to tradition”; that one is from Old English clifian, meaning “to adhere.” And there is the cleave with meanings relating to splitting and dividing, which derives from Old English clēofan, meaning “to split.” The two have slightly different inflections. The “split” cleave usually has cleaved as its past tense form, but cleft and clove are both in use as well; as its past participle form (the form that often occurs with have), cleaved is most common, but cleft and cloven are also used. The “adhere” cleave commonly has cleaved or clove (and occasionally clave) as its past tense and cleaved as its past participle.


Lake桑

September 27, 2019 at 01:00PM

又一个周五!


周五中午啦~ 吃完午饭,下午继续工作! (由 IFTTT 发送)

Lake桑

September 27, 2019 at 12:00PM

每日一词:frowsy(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 26, 2019 is:

frowsy • \FROW-zee\  • adjective

1 : musty, stale

2 : having a slovenly or uncared-for appearance

Examples:

The lamp, discovered in a frowsy Midwestern antique store, turned out to be quite valuable.

“On good days, I could also manage super boring reality TV shows, like ‘Escape to the Country,’ in which retired British couples go on slow searches for frowsy new homes in sleepy towns, and nobody gets excited about anything.” — Yvonne Abraham, The Boston Globe, 24 Nov. 2018

Did you know?

The exact origins of frowsy are perhaps lost in an old, frowsy book somewhere, but some etymologists have speculated that frowsy (also spelled frowzy) shares a common ancestor with the younger, chiefly British, word frowsty, a synonym of frowsy in both its senses. That ancestor could be the Old French word frouste, meaning “ruinous” or “decayed,” or the now-obsolete English word frough or frow, meaning “brittle” or “fragile.” An early print example of frowsy can be found in Thomas Otway’s 1681 comedy The Souldier’s Fortune, wherein the character Beau refers to another character as “a frouzy Fellmonger.”


Lake桑

September 26, 2019 at 01:00PM