每日一词:phantasm(转自 韦氏词典)


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for October 31, 2019 is:

phantasm • \FAN-taz-um\  • noun

1 : a product of fantasy: as

a : delusive appearance : illusion

b : ghost, specter

c : a figment of the imagination

2 : a mental representation of a real object


“In each maze, you will follow in the footsteps of the Ghostbusters—Peter, Ray, Egon and Winston—as they venture through recreated scenes from the film, including the firehouse, New York Public Library and the Temple of Gozer, as an army of ghoulish spirits, specters and phantasms attack.” — Devoun Cetoute, The Miami Herald, 17 July 2019

“Finally I had to admit defeat: I was never going to turn around my faltering musical career. So at 31 I gave up, abandoning my musical aspirations entirely, to pursue a doctorate in public policy. … After finishing my studies, I became a university professor, a job I enjoyed. But I still thought every day about my beloved first vocation. Even now, I regularly dream that I am onstage, and wake to remember that my childhood aspirations are now only phantasms.” — Arthur C. Brooks, The Atlantic, July 2019

Did you know?

Phantasm is from Middle English fantasme, a borrowing from Anglo-French fantasme, which itself is a derivative of Latin and Greek words—and ultimately the Greek verb phantazein, meaning “to present to the mind.” The Greek verb took shape from phainein, meaning “to show,” and this root appears in several English words that have to do with the way things seem or appear rather than the way they really are. Phantasmagoria and diaphanous are examples. Also from this root are words such as fanciful and fantasy, in which the imagination plays an important part.


October 31, 2019 at 01:00PM

每日一词:respite(转自 韦氏词典)


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for October 30, 2019 is:

respite • \RESS-pit\  • noun

1 : a period of temporary delay

2 : an interval of rest or relief


The station’s meteorologist had predicted that the bad weather would continue throughout the week without respite.

“Such small, shady public spaces provide a welcome respite from busy street life and enhance the livability of the city.” — David Ross Scheer, The Salt Lake Tribune, 8 Sept. 2019

Did you know?

Respite is first known to have been used at the turn of the 14th century to refer to a delay or extension asked for or granted for a specific reason—to give someone time to deliberate on a proposal, for example. Such a respite offered an opportunity for the kind of consideration inherent in the word’s etymology. Respite traces from the Latin term respectus (also the source of English’s respect), which comes from respicere, a verb with both concrete and abstract meanings: “to turn around to look at” or “to regard.” Within a few decades of its earliest known use, English speakers had granted respite the sense we use most often today—”a welcome break.”


October 30, 2019 at 01:00PM

每日一词:lackadaisical(转自 韦氏词典)


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for October 29, 2019 is:

lackadaisical • \lak-uh-DAY-zih-kul\  • adjective

: lacking life, spirit, or zest : languid


“What used to be a bar with barely passable food, boring décor and lackadaisical service has a new incarnation. Everything has been improved, starting with its transformation into a lively tavern with a menu of popular comfort foods, as well as choices for more adventurous eaters.” — Marc Bona, Cleveland.com, 6 Apr. 2017

“But it was not that they lost— … but how they lost, mired in lackadaisical play. Jose Iglesias was thrown out at third base trying to advance in a ball on the dirt for an easy out. Blaine Hardy forgot to cover first base. And then … J.D. Martinez caught a fly ball in rightfield and assumed Jason Kipnis would hold at third base.” — Anthony French, The Detroit Free Press, 8 July 2017

Did you know?

Alas, alack, there are times when life seems to be one unfortunate occurrence after another. We’ve all had days when nothing seemed to go right. When folks had one of those days back in the 17th century, they’d cry “Lackaday” to express their sorrow and disappointment. Lackaday was a shortened form of the expression “alack the day.” By the mid-1700s, lackadaisical was being used (coined through the addition of the suffix -ical). The word lackadaisy also was used around that time as an interjection similar to lackaday, and this word, though never as prevalent as lackaday, might have influenced the coinage of lackadaisical.


October 29, 2019 at 01:00PM

每日一词:undulate(转自 韦氏词典)


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for October 28, 2019 is:

undulate • \UN-juh-layt\  • verb

1 : to form or move in waves : fluctuate

2 : to rise and fall in volume, pitch, or cadence

3 : to present a wavy appearance


“He could hear the muffled fart of a tuba from the German oompah band warming up in Feltman’s beer garden. Beyond the garden was the Ziz coaster, hissing and undulating through the trees with the peculiar sound that gave it its name.” — Kevin Baker, Dreamland, 1999

“Mats of bright green duckweed undulated in the slow current of the La Crosse River, reminding an observer of the shape shifting in a lava lamp.” — Dave Skoloda, The La Crosse (Wisconsin) Tribune, 4 Sept. 2019

Did you know?

Undulate and inundate are word cousins that branch from unda, the Latin word for “wave.” No surprise there. But would you have guessed that abound, surround, and redound are also unda offspring? The connection between unda and these words is easier to see when you learn that at some point in their early histories each of them essentially had the meaning of “to overflow”—a meaning that inundate still carries, along with its “overwhelm” sense.


October 28, 2019 at 01:00PM


一周又开始了。加油工作!(由 IFTTT 发送)


October 28, 2019 at 07:00AM

每日一词:pedagogical(转自 韦氏词典)


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for October 27, 2019 is:

pedagogical • \ped-uh-GAH-jih-kul\  • adjective

: of, relating to, or befitting a teacher or education


New teachers will be evaluated on pedagogical skills such as lesson planning and classroom management.

“If Americans agree on anything these days, it’s that our schools could be much better, and that internet culture is harming our children. I have a simple proposal to address both problems: high school classes on how to use the internet more effectively. By now the internet has such far-reaching influence that such a pedagogical intervention is called for.” — Tyler Cowen, Bloomberg, 2 July 2019

Did you know?

Pedagogical, which has the somewhat less common variant form pedagogic, was coined in the early 17th century from a Greek adjective of the same meaning. That adjective, paidagōgikos, in turn, derives from the noun paidagōgos, meaning “teacher.” The English word pedagogue (which can simply mean “teacher” but usually suggests one who is particularly pedantic or dull) derives from the same root. Although the words educational and teacher make the grade in most contexts, pedagogical and pedagogue are useful additions to the class.


October 27, 2019 at 01:00PM

每日一词:aerie(转自 韦氏词典)


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for October 26, 2019 is:

aerie • \AIR-ee\  • noun

1 : the nest of a bird on a cliff or a mountaintop

2 : an elevated often secluded dwelling, structure, or position


“Cradled in the limbs of an ancient (unharmed) oak, the rustic Barn Owl Tree House is a cedar-paneled aerie overlooking the valley.” — Dale Leatherman, The Washingtonian, February 5, 2019

“A quarter-mile uphill from a cul-de-sac…, there is a 30-foot-wide gate beyond which lies another place of mythic proportions …, a 157-acre hilltop aerie with a series of sprawling, manicured fields on an escarpment rising to 1,360 feet in California’s Santa Monica Mountains….” — Alex Bhattacharji, Town & Country, February 2019

Did you know?

English poet John Milton put a variant of aerie to good use in Paradise Lost (1667), writing, “… there the eagle and the stork / On cliffs and cedar tops their eyries build.” But Milton wasn’t the first to use the term, which comes to us via Medieval Latin and Old French and probably traces to an earlier Latin word, ager, meaning “field.” English speakers had been employing aerie as a word for a bird’s nest for more than a century when he penned those words. Eventually, aerie was applied to human dwellings as well as birds’ nests. At first, this sense referred to dwellings nestled high up in mountains or hills. These days, you’re also likely to hear high-rise city apartments or offices referred to as “aeries.”


October 26, 2019 at 01:00PM