Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for May 23, 2019 is:
scavenger • \SKAV-un-jer\ • noun
1 chiefly British : a person employed to remove dirt and refuse from streets
2 : one that scavenges: such as
a : a garbage collector
b : a junk collector
c : a chemically active substance acting to make innocuous or remove an undesirable substance
3 : an organism that typically feeds on refuse or carrion
My uncle, a habitual scavenger and clever handyman, found a broken exercise machine left on the curb and fixed it so that it works again.
“The 34-year-old scavenger has had to work longer and harder over the past year, underlining how a drastic decline in scrap metal and commodity prices has hurt even the poor who collect discarded metal to sell to scrap yards.” — Brendan O’Brien, Reuters, 4 July 2016
Did you know?
You might guess that scavenger is a derivative of scavenge, but the reverse is actually true; scavenger is the older word, first appearing in English in the early 16th century, and the back-formation scavenge came into English in the mid-17th century. Scavenger is an alteration of the earlier scavager, itself from Anglo-French scawageour, meaning “collector of scavage.” In medieval times, scavage was a tax levied by towns and cities on goods put up for sale by nonresidents in order to provide resident merchants with a competitive advantage. The officers in charge of collecting this tax were later made responsible for keeping streets clean, and that’s how scavenger came to refer to a public sanitation employee in Great Britain before acquiring its current sense referring to a person who salvages discarded items.
May 23, 2019 at 01:00PM
Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for May 22, 2019 is:
peer-to-peer • \PEER-tuh-PEER\ • adjective
: relating to, using, or being a network by which computers operated by individuals can share information and resources directly without relying on a dedicated central server
“PayPal announced a new mobile peer-to-peer (P2P) payment platform called PayPal.me, which will allow users to create a personalized PayPal link and send it to peers for fast P2P transfers through PayPal.” — Jaime Toplin and John Heggestuen, Business Insider, 1 Sep. 2015
“The figures come from a paper presented at Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s fintech conference in March, which found 27 percent of peer-to-peer lending dollars had displaced traditional bank lending.” — Steven Harras, The Austin (Texas) American-Statesman, 7 Apr. 2019
Did you know?
The term peer-to-peer is a relatively recent addition to the English language, being little more than a half-century old. In its earliest known uses from the 1960s, it referred to something that occurs directly between human peers, people who are similar in age, grade, or status. It can still be found in this use in phrases such as “peer-to-peer tutoring.” With the emergence of computer networking, peer-to-peer began to be used in reference to a system of computers that are able to communicate directly with one another without the mediation of a centralized server. Since the turn of the 21st century, peer-to-peer lending—the borrowing and lending of money through online services—has become increasingly common. You might also encounter peer-to-peer in the techy abbreviated form P2P, as in “P2P networking.”
May 22, 2019 at 01:00PM
Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for May 21, 2019 is:
pungle • \PUNG-gul\ • verb
1 : to make a payment or contribution of (money) — usually used with up
Residents have been pungling up to send their little league team to the national championship; donations can be made via credit card or PayPal on the town’s Sports and Recreation website.
“In December 1849, Coffin formed Coffin & Co. and contracted with a New York builder for a … side-wheel steamer to ply the waters between Portland and San Francisco. When he and his partners failed to pungle up the final payment, however, the vessel was sold.” — John Terry, The Sunday Oregonian (Portland, Oregon), 19 Aug. 2007
Did you know?
Pungle is from the Spanish word póngale, meaning “put it down,” which itself is from the verb poner, meaning “to put” or “to place,” and, more specifically, “to wager” or “to bet.” The earliest uses of pungle are from the mid-1800s and are in reference to anteing up in games of chance. It did not take long for the word to be used in other contexts. We find it, for example, in Mark Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) when Huck’s father says: “I’ll make [Judge Thatcher] pungle, too, or I’ll know the reason why.” Nowadays, pungle is mainly used in the western part of the United States.
May 21, 2019 at 01:00PM
Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for May 20, 2019 is:
remittance • \rih-MIT-unss\ • noun
1 a : a sum of money remitted
b : an instrument by which money is remitted
2 : transmittal of money (as to a distant place)
“PayPal has everything it needs to send money to friends or family or to pay bills, even across borders. Its acquisition of Xoom in 2015 gave it a strong position in digital remittance.” — Adam Levy, The Motley Fool, 14 Dec. 2018
“Kit … knew that his old home was a very poor place…, and often indited square-folded letters to his mother, enclosing a shilling or eighteenpence or such other small remittance, which Mr Abel’s liberality enabled him to make.” — Charles Dickens, The Old Curiosity Shop, 1841
Did you know?
Since the 14th century, the verb remit has afforded a variety of meanings, including “to lay aside (a mood or disposition),” “to release from the guilt or penalty of,” “to submit or refer for consideration,” and “to postpone or defer.” It is derived from Latin mittere (meaning “to let go” or “to send”), which is also the root of the English verbs admit, commit, emit, omit, permit, submit, and transmit. Use of remittance in financial contexts referring to the release of money as payment isn’t transacted until the 17th century.
May 20, 2019 at 01:00PM
一周又开始了。加油工作！（由 IFTTT 发送）
May 20, 2019 at 07:00AM
Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for May 19, 2019 is:
coin of the realm • \KOYN-uv-thuh-RELM\ • noun phrase
1 : the legal money of a country
2 : something valued or used as if it were money in a particular sphere
The coin of the realm changes from one country to the next, so travelers may turn to digital transactions through services like PayPal.
“The ‘game’ is to see who ultimately will rule from the Iron Throne. This addictive game often plays out like a suspenseful succession of high-stakes chess moves…. There are kings and queens, knights and pawns maneuvering for position, forming strategic alliances on these fictional continents where danger, duplicity, deception and deceit are the coin of the realm.“
— Mark Dawidziak, The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio), 14 Apr. 2019
Did you know?
Coin of the realm gained currency in the English language during the 18th century as a term for the legal money of a country. Coin is ultimately from Latin cuneus, meaning “wedge,” and entered English, via Anglo-French, in the 14th century with the meaning “cornerstone” or “quoin.” By the latter part of that century, the word was being exchanged as a name for a device or impress stamped on flat pieces of metal used as money and, by extension, for the money itself. Realm entered English in the 13th century with the meaning “kingdom.” Its spelling is an alteration of Old French reiame, which is based on the Latin word for “rule” or “government,” regimen. In time, realm was generalized as the name for any sphere or domain, and coin of the realm came to signify something having value or influence in a particular sphere.
May 19, 2019 at 01:00PM