每日一词:limpid(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 17, 2020 is:

limpid • \LIM-pid\  • adjective

1 a : marked by transparency : pellucid

b : clear and simple in style

2 : absolutely serene and untroubled

Examples:

“She leaned toward him, entreaty in her eyes, and as he looked at her delicate face and into her pure, limpid eyes, as of old he was struck with his own unworthiness.” — Jack London, Martin Eden, 1909

“Last summer, the edges of the Greenland ice sheet experienced up to three extra months of melting weather. Limpid blue pools formed on its surface; floods of melt gushed off the edge of the continent….” — Madeleine Stone, National Geographic, 7 July 2020

Did you know?

Since around 1600, limpid has been used in English to describe things that have the soft clearness of pure water. The aquatic connection is not incidental; language scholars believe that limpid probably traces to lympha, a Latin word meaning “water.” That same Latin root is also the source of the word lymph, the English name for the pale liquid that helps maintain the body’s fluid balance and that removes bacteria from tissues.


Lake桑

September 17, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:cronyism(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 16, 2020 is:

cronyism • \KROH-nee-iz-um\  • noun

: partiality to cronies especially as evidenced in the appointment of political hangers-on to office without regard to their qualifications

Examples:

“From the end of the Civil War to the beginning of the New Deal, America’s national parties retained their incoherence because most of the important political power was at the state and local level…. Some states and cities were better governed than others, and there was plenty of cronyism and corruption throughout the country, but the stakes of national elections were lower than today.” — Lee Drutman, The Cato Policy Report (The Cato Institute), July/August 2020

Civil service regulations attempted to eliminate cronyism by setting strict rules governing hiring, firing and promotions within professional government services…. Under the system used in Idaho Falls, promotions rely heavily on scores from written, oral and other tests.” — Bryan Clark, The Idaho Falls Post Register, 4 Apr. 2017

Did you know?

“Forsake not an old friend; for the new is not comparable to him” (Ecclesiasticus 9:10). Practitioners of cronyism would probably agree. The word cronyism evolved in the 19th century as a spin-off of crony, meaning “friend” or “pal.” Crony originated in England in the 17th century, perhaps as a play on the Greek word chronios, meaning “long-lasting,” from chronos, meaning “time.” Nineteenth-century cronyism was simply friendship, or the ability to make friends. The word didn’t turn bad until the next century, when Americans starting using cronyism to refer to the act of playing political favorites.


Lake桑

September 16, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:Sisyphean(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 15, 2020 is:

Sisyphean • \sis-uh-FEE-un\  • adjective

: of, relating to, or suggestive of the labors of Sisyphus; specifically : requiring continual and often ineffective effort

Examples:

“I felt stuck in a Sisyphean loop, writing the same press release over and over. Even more, I was tired of promoting other people’s creations instead of creating something myself.” — Helene Wecker, The Golem and the Jinni, 2013

“In Beirut, balconies are the only spaces in public view that residents can … make theirs. Furniture is displayed; a birdcage is suspended; plants are meticulously arranged and watered—and everything is kept clean, in a Sisyphean battle against the dust.” — Bernardo Zacka, The New York Times, 9 May 2020

Did you know?

In Greek mythology, Sisyphus was a king who annoyed the gods with his trickery. As a consequence, he was condemned for eternity to roll a huge rock up a long, steep hill in the underworld, only to watch it roll back down. The story of Sisyphus is often told in conjunction with that of Tantalus, who was condemned to stand beneath fruit-laden boughs, up to his chin in water. Whenever he bent his head to drink, the water receded, and whenever he reached for the fruit, the branches moved beyond his grasp. Thus to tantalize is to tease or torment by offering something desirable but keeping it out of reach—and something Sisyphean (or Sisyphian, pronounced \sih-SIFF-ee-un\) demands unending, thankless, and ultimately unsuccessful efforts.


Lake桑

September 15, 2020 at 01:00PM

保重。

这里是Lakejason0。
由于很多原因,我现在不能再活跃了。
首先是,从很久以前就开始的强迫性熬夜。上课/晚自习精神真的很差,应该是出生以来最烂的时候了。成绩也不算很好,现在连周末的基本任务都没完成。
然后是,今天早上在社区wiki遇到了一位玩家。总之不是很愉快,但是我也意识到了“人与人之间并不相通”这个事实。我累了,真的累了,我没时间再揽事情了。
各位保重。

Lake桑

2020.9.14

每日一词:purport(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 14, 2020 is:

purport • \per-PORT\  • verb

1 : to have the often specious appearance of being, intending, or claiming (something implied or inferred); also : claim

2 : intend, purpose

Examples:

“One study at M.I.T. purported to show that the subway was a superspreader early in the pandemic, but its methodology was widely disputed.” — Christina Goldbaum, The New York Times, 2 Aug. 2020

“To support his applications, Hayford provided lenders with fraudulent payroll documentation purporting to establish payroll expenses that were, in fact, nonexistent.” — editorial, The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, 7 Aug. 2020

Did you know?

The verb purport may be more familiar nowadays, but purport exists as a noun that passed into English from Anglo-French in the 15th century as a synonym of gist. Sir Walter Scott provides us with an example from his 19th-century novel Rob Roy: “I was a good deal mortified at the purport of this letter.” Anglo-French also has the verb purporter (meaning both “to carry” and “to mean”), which combines the prefix pur- (“thoroughly”) and the verb porter (“to carry”). In its original English use, the verb purport meant “to signify”; the “to profess or claim” sense familiar to modern English speakers didn’t appear until the 17th century.


Lake桑

September 14, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:verbiage(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 13, 2020 is:

verbiage • \VER-bee-ij\  • noun

1 : a profusion of words usually of little or obscure content

2 : manner of expressing oneself in words : diction

Examples:

“One resident … said during a virtual focus group that a lot of his community was concerned reading the changes of verbiage from ‘flood control task force’ to ‘infrastructure resilience.'” — Paul Wedding, The Houston Chronicle, 31 Jul. 2020

“It was always G-rated trash talk—he is a devout Catholic, after all, and the strongest epithet he ever seemed to let loose was ‘Shoot’…. And his verbiage was often misunderstood. To opposing fans he was a mouthy loose cannon. To those who knew and understood him, it was just his joy and exuberance spilling over.” — Jim Alexander, The Daily News of Los Angeles, 10 Feb. 2020

Did you know?

Verbiage descends from French verbier, meaning “to trill” or “to warble.” The usual sense of the word implies an overabundance of possibly unnecessary words, much like the word wordiness. In other words, a writer with a fondness for verbiage might be accused of “wordiness.” Some people think the phrase “excess verbiage” is redundant, but that’s not necessarily true. Verbiage has a second sense meaning, simply, “wording,” with no suggestion of excess. This second definition has sometimes been treated as an error by people who insist that verbiage must always imply excessiveness, but that sense is well-established and can be considered standard.


Lake桑

September 13, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:foment(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 12, 2020 is:

foment • \FOH-ment\  • verb

: to promote the growth or development of : rouse, incite

Examples:

Rumors that the will was a fake fomented a lot of bitterness between the two families.

“Last year, the country leaked personal information of an American official in Hong Kong, accusing her of fomenting unrest….” — Shibani Mahtani, The Washington Post, 22 May 2020

Did you know?

If you had sore muscles in the 1600s, your doctor might have advised you to foment the injury, perhaps with heated lotions or warm wax. Does this sound like an odd prescription? Not if you know that foment traces to the Latin verb fovēre, which means “to heat or warm” or “to soothe.” The earliest documented English uses of foment appear in medical texts offering advice on how to soothe various aches and pains by the application of moist heat. In time, the idea of applying heat became a metaphor for stimulating or rousing to action. Foment then started being used in political contexts to mean “to stir up” or “to call to action.”


Lake桑

September 12, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:ruddy(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 11, 2020 is:

ruddy • \RUDD-ee\  • adjective

1 : having a healthy reddish color

2 : red, reddish

3 British — used as an intensive

Examples:

“There was a stout man with a ruddy complexion, a merchant probably, half asleep.” — Elif Shafak, The Architect’s Apprentice, 2014

“Lichen green and the reds of fired brick exude a splash of ruddy color on the exterior of Manchester State Park’s enclosed picnic area….” — Bob Smith, The Kitsap Daily News, 5 Nov. 2019

Did you know?

In Old English, there were two related words referring to red coloring: rēad and rudu. Rēad evolved into our present-day red. Rudu evolved into rud (a word now encountered only in dialect or archaic usage) and ruddy. Most often, ruddy is applied to the face when it has the red glow of good health or is red from a suffusion of blood from exercise or excitement. It is also used in the names of some birds, such as the American ruddy duck. In British English, ruddy is also used as a colorful euphemism for the sometimes offensive intensive bloody, as 20th-century English writer Sir Kingsley Amis illustrates in The Riverside Villas Murder: “Ruddy marvelous, the way these coppers’ minds work…. I take a swing at Chris Inman in public means I probably done him in.”


Lake桑

September 11, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:encumber(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 10, 2020 is:

encumber • \in-KUM-ber\  • verb

1 : weigh down, burden

2 : to impede or hamper the function or activity of : hinder

3 : to burden with a legal claim (such as a mortgage)

Examples:

“Those who do handle radioactive material must first don protective suits that are inherently cumbersome and are further encumbered by the air hoses needed to allow the wearer to breathe.” — The Economist, 20 June 2019

“‘The water reservoir is absolutely needed in Vernon Hills,’ said David Brown, Vernon Hills’ public works director/village engineer. While supportive, the village thinks there are ‘some other viable locations in town,’ he added. So does the park district, which owns the land but is encumbered by an easement….” — Mick Zawislak, The Chicago Daily Herald, 1 Aug. 2020

Did you know?

In Old French, the noun combre meant a defensive obstacle formed by felled trees with sharpened branches facing the enemy. Later, in Middle French, combre referred to a barrier, similar to a dam or weir, constructed in the bed of a river to hold back fish or protect the banks. That notion of holding back is what informs our verb encumber. One can be physically encumbered (as by a heavy load or severe weather) or figuratively (as by bureaucratic restrictions). Combre also gives us the adjectives cumbersome and cumbrous, both meaning “awkward or difficult to handle.”


Lake桑

September 10, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:bunkum(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 9, 2020 is:

bunkum • \BUNG-kum\  • noun

: insincere or foolish talk : nonsense

Examples:

I hesitated to voice my opinions, fearful that my companions would deride my views as bunkum.

“Out on social media, people are reposting and retweeting and emailing myths, hurling them across the internet with the kind of speed attainable only by pure bunkum.” — Heather Yakin, The Times Herald-Record, 17 Mar. 2020

Did you know?

Some words in the English language have more colorful histories than others, but in the case of bunkum, you could almost say it was an act of Congress that brought the word into being. Back in 1820 Felix Walker, who represented Buncombe County, North Carolina, in the U.S. House of Representatives, was determined that his voice be heard on his constituents’ behalf, even though the matter up for debate was irrelevant to Walker’s district and he had little to contribute. To the exasperation of his colleagues, Walker insisted on delivering a long and wearisome “speech for Buncombe.” His persistent—if insignificant—harangue made buncombe (later respelled bunkum) a synonym for meaningless political claptrap and later for any kind of nonsense.


Lake桑

September 09, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:impregnable(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 8, 2020 is:

impregnable • \im-PREG-nuh-bul\  • adjective

1 : incapable of being taken by assault : unconquerable

2 : unassailable; also : impenetrable

Examples:

“The castle was built on the corner of a great rock, so that on three sides it was quite impregnable….” — Bram Stoker, Dracula, 1897

“In his first months at Kryptos Logic, Hutchins got inside one massive botnet after another…. Even when his new colleagues at Kryptos believed that a botnet was impregnable, Hutchins would surprise them by coming up with a fresh sample of the bot’s code….” — Andrew Greenberg, Wired, 12 May 2020

Did you know?

Impregnable is one of the many English words that bear a French ancestry, thanks to the Norman conquest of England in 1066. It derives from the Middle French verb prendre, which means “to take or capture.” Combining prendre with various prefixes has given our language many other words, too, including surprise, reprise, and enterprise. Remarkably, impregnable has a different origin from the similar-looking word pregnant; that word comes from a different Latin word, praegnas, meaning “carrying a fetus.”


Lake桑

September 08, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:plaudit(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 7, 2020 is:

plaudit • \PLAW-dit\  • noun

1 : an act or round of applause

2 : enthusiastic approval — usually used in plural

Examples:

“For all of the accolades, and two Grammys she’s won, this might be the song and album that finally earns McKenna the plaudits her vocals also richly deserve.” — Jay N. Miller, The Patriot Ledger (Quincy, Massachusetts), 22 July 2020

“Long before he was collecting headlines and plaudits for his work, Babcock was quietly creating a functioning farm to give people in his South Dallas neighborhood a real hand in improving their lives, through working on the farm or from being nourished by its fruits.” — editorial, The Dallas Morning News, 8 July 2020

Did you know?

You earn plaudits for your etymological knowledge if you can connect plaudit to words besides the familiar applaud and applause. A word coined by shortening Latin plaudite, meaning “applaud,” plaudit had gained approval status in English by the first years of the 17th century. Latin plaudite is a form of the verb plaudere, meaning “to applaud”; plaudere, in turn, is ancestor to explode, plausible, and the archaic displode (a synonym of explode).


Lake桑

September 07, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:colloquial(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 6, 2020 is:

colloquial • \kuh-LOH-kwee-ul\  • adjective

1 a : used in or characteristic of familiar and informal conversation; also : unacceptably informal

b : using conversational style

2 : of or relating to conversation : conversational

Examples:

The author can switch from formal academic language to a charmingly colloquial style, depending on the audience and subject of her writing.

“The [show’s] dialogue is often colloquial and rapid-fire, however, and you may need to switch on the English subtitles fairly frequently. On the other hand, you’ll know exactly how to say ‘What an idiot!’ in French after an episode or two.” — Roslyn Sulcas, The New York Times, 11 May 2020

Did you know?

The noun colloquy was first used in English to refer to a conversation or dialogue, and when the adjective colloquial was formed from colloquy it had a similar focus. Over time, however, colloquial developed a more specific meaning related to language that is most suited to informal conversation—and it ultimately garnered an additional, disparaging implication of a style that seems too informal for a situation. Colloquy and colloquial trace back to the Latin verb colloqui, meaning “to converse.” Colloqui in turn was formed by combining the prefix com- (“with”) and loqui (“to speak”). Other conversational descendants of loqui in English include circumlocution, eloquent, loquacious, soliloquy, and ventriloquism.


Lake桑

September 06, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:heyday(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 5, 2020 is:

heyday • \HAY-day\  • noun

: the period of one’s greatest popularity, vigor, or prosperity

Examples:

“The theater engaged Mr. Leslie ‘Les’ Jones to build and paint the sets. He was in his early sixties when I arrived—he’d been a legendary scene painter during the heyday of vaudeville.” — Kate Bornstein, A Queer and Present Danger, 2012

“But there are few drive-in theaters left. They’ve dwindled to just a handful in the Twin Cities since their heyday in the 1950s and ’60s. There are only six left in Minnesota.” — Kathy Berdan, TwinCities.com (St. Paul, Minnesota), 26 July 2020

Did you know?

In its earliest appearances in English, in the 16th century, heyday was used as an interjection that expressed elation or wonder (similar to our word hey, from which it derives). Within a few decades, heyday was seeing use as a noun meaning “high spirits.” This sense can be seen in Act III, scene 4 of Hamlet, when the Prince of Denmark tells his mother, “You cannot call it love; for at your age / The heyday in the blood is tame….” The word’s second syllable is not thought to be borne of the modern word day (or any of its ancestors), but in the 18th century the syllable’s resemblance to that word likely influenced the development of the now-familiar use referring to the period when one’s achievement or popularity has reached its zenith.


Lake桑

September 05, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:docile(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 4, 2020 is:

docile • \DAH-sul\  • adjective

1 : easily taught

2 : easily led or managed : tractable

Examples:

“The zoo has one bearded dragon, dubbed Six because that number was painted on its back when it arrived…. Six is not on public exhibit but because it’s friendly and docile, the bearded dragon is an ambassador in the zoo’s Wild Connections animal encounter program.” — Meg Jones, The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 20 Feb. 2020

“I hate the idea that we have to be polite as women, or we have to be docile. It’s good to be kind, of course, but that we have to be agreeable, and if we’re anything else we’re labeled difficult.” — Elisabeth Moss, quoted in Elle, 8 July 2020

Did you know?

Docile students can make teaching a lot easier. Nowadays, calling students “docile” indicates they aren’t trouble-makers; however, there’s more than just good behavior connecting docility to teachability. The original meaning of docile is more to the point: “readily absorbing something taught.” “The docile mind may soon thy precepts know,” rendered Ben Jonson, for example, in a 17th-century translation of the Roman poet Horace. Docile comes from Latin docēre, which means “to teach.” Other descendants of docēre include doctrine (which can mean “something that is taught”), document (an early meaning of which was “instruction”), and doctor and docent (both of which can refer to college teachers).


Lake桑

September 04, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:matriculate(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 3, 2020 is:

matriculate • \muh-TRIK-yuh-layt\  • verb

1 : to enroll as a member of a body and especially of a college or university

2 : to be enrolled at a college or university

Examples:

A spokesperson for the college said the school is expected to matriculate approximately 1,000 students for the fall semester.

“Vince Carter, the player who would come to be known as ‘Half-Man, Half-Amazing,’ matriculated at the University of North Carolina in the fall of 1995.” — Ben Golliver, The Washington Post, 28 June 2020

Did you know?

Anybody who has had basic Latin knows that alma mater, a fancy term for the school you attended, comes from a phrase that means “fostering mother.” If mater is mother, then matriculate probably has something to do with a school nurturing you just like good old mom, right? Not exactly. If you go back far enough, matriculate is distantly related to the Latin mater, but its maternal associations were lost long ago—even in terms of Latin history. It is more closely related to Late Latin matricula, which means “public roll or register.” Matricula has more to do with being enrolled than being mothered, but it is the diminutive form of the Latin matrix, which in Late Latin was used in the sense of “list” or “register” and earlier referred to female animals kept for the purposes of breeding.


Lake桑

September 03, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:pediculous(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 2, 2020 is:

pediculous • \pih-DIK-yuh-lus\  • adjective

: infested with lice : lousy

Examples:

All of the campers in the cabin had to be checked for lice when one boy’s sleeping bag was discovered to be pediculous.

“They say pediculous humors and flyborne air are culprits of plague, so the townsmen make a pyre of flowers and brush, attar and spikenard, by way of purging the air of offense.” — Fiona Maazel, Last Last Chance, 2008

Did you know?

Count on the English language’s Latin lexical options to pretty up the unpleasant. You can have an entire conversation about lice and avoid the l-word entirely using pediculous and its relatives. None of the words (from pediculus, meaning “louse”) is remotely common, but they’re all available to you should you feel the need for them. There’s pediculosis, meaning “infestation with lice,” pedicular, “of or relating to lice,” and pediculoid, “resembling or related to the common lice.” Pediculid names a particular kind of louse—one of the family Pediculidae. And if you’d like to put an end to all of this you might require a pediculicide—defined as “an agent for destroying lice.”


Lake桑

September 02, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:allusion(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for September 1, 2020 is:

allusion • \uh-LOO-zhun\  • noun

1 : an implied or indirect reference especially in literature; also : the use of such references

2 : the act of making an indirect reference to something : the act of alluding to something

Examples:

“The learning by rote and the endeavours to remember the complex prosodic structures of Shakespearean verses also stretch the muscles of the mind. The speeches are all dramatic, full of emotional appeal and inclusive of several allusions to Greco-Roman mythology. One thinks of these allusions and wonders about their meanings or metaphoric resonances.” — Sophie Barry, Business World, 17 June 2020

“Other than a bunch of cryptic allusions to a masterplan scattered throughout the season, her plan was never made clear. It didn’t help that she seemed to vacillate between cold-blooded killer and teary-eyed sentimentalist several times an episode.” — Sean T. Collins, Rolling Stone, 3 May 2020

Did you know?

Allusion was borrowed into English in the 16th century. It derives from the Latin verb alludere, meaning “to play with,” “to jest,” or “to refer to,” as does its cousin allude, meaning “to make indirect reference” or “to refer.” Alludere, in turn, derives from a combination of the prefix ad- (“to or toward”) and ludere (“to play”). Ludere is a Latin word that English speakers have enjoyed playing with over the years, creating collude, delude, elude, and prelude, just to name a few.


Lake桑

September 01, 2020 at 01:00PM

树洞。

整个上半年一直在做一个树洞,和肝Minecraft Wiki,以及梗体中文

现在,树洞终于用Vue写了个半完成前端出来了。

Try it out here: https://tree0.lakejason0.ml

目前可以做到最基础的收发信。做了英文和简繁中文的本地化。

树洞的预期工作方式是,无需注册即可收发树洞信,但是可以注册来方便查看。

目前支持基于前端的Markdown语法渲染。用了一些东西来避免XSS。

GitHub:

我希望一些人不要看到安全漏洞就想着利用。这只是个测试。

Lake桑

2020.9.1

每日一词:longanimity(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for August 31, 2020 is:

longanimity • \long-guh-NIM-uh-tee\  • noun

: a disposition to bear injuries patiently : forbearance

Examples:

The fans continue to show their longanimity by coming back year after year to cheer on the perpetually losing team.

“Most of the conspirators were gentlemen in their early thirties and the majority had wild pasts. They were frustrated men of action, ‘swordsmen’ the priests called them, and ‘they had not the patience and longanimity to expect the Providence of God.'” — Jessie Childs, God’s Traitors: Terror & Faith in Elizabethan England, 2014

Did you know?

Longanimity is a word with a long history. It came to English in the 15th century from the Late Latin adjective longanimis, meaning “patient” or “long-suffering.” Longanimis, in turn, derives from the Latin combination of longus (“long”) and animus (“soul”). Longus is related to English’s long and is itself an ancestor to several other English words, including longevity (“long life”), elongate (“to make longer”), and prolong (“to lengthen in time”). Now used somewhat infrequently in English, longanimity stresses the character of one who, like the figure of Job in the Bible, endures prolonged suffering with extreme patience.


Lake桑

August 31, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:cadge(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for August 30, 2020 is:

cadge • \KAJ\  • verb

: beg, sponge

Examples:

“Reiner had his car and was driving to Manhattan to drop the book off to his editor. Wouk cadged a ride in, and Reiner took him up on his polite offer to read it.” — Frank Lovece, Newsday (Long Island, New York), 30 June 2020

“A friend ordered the Burrito Grande, easily the biggest burrito I’ve ever seen. I cadged a bite, and the flavors were delicate, but tasty, complemented by the creamy cheese sauce on top.” — Leslye Gilchrist, The Shreveport (Louisiana) Times, 27 Sept. 2019

Did you know?

As long ago as the 1400s, peddlers traveled the British countryside, each with a packhorse or a horse and cart—first carrying produce from rural farms to town markets, then returning with small wares to sell to country folk. The Middle English name for such traders was cadgear; Scottish dialects rendered the term as cadger. Etymologists are pretty sure the verb cadge was created as a back-formation of cadger (which is to say, it was formed by removal of the “-er” suffix). At its most general, cadger meant “carrier,” and the verb cadge meant “to carry.” More specifically, the verb meant to go about as a cadger or peddler. By the 1800s, it was used when someone who posed as a peddler turned out to be more of a beggar, from which arose our present-day use.


Lake桑

August 30, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:asunder(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for August 29, 2020 is:

asunder • \uh-SUN-der\  • adverb or adjective

1 : into parts

2 : apart from each other

Examples:

“Though they sip their port in close contiguity, they are poles asunder in their minds and feelings.” — Anthony Trollope, The Small House at Allington, 1862

“Anna Andrews is the ‘she’ in the story…. As an adult, Anna’s private life is in tatters, but at least she has a prestigious job as a BBC news anchor. In the space of 48 hours, even that’s torn asunder.” — Carole E. Barrowman, The Star Tribune (Minneapolis, Minnesota), 31 May 2020

Did you know?

Asunder can be traced back to the Old English word sundor, meaning “apart.” It is a relative of the verb sunder, which means “to break apart” or “to become parted, disunited, or severed.” The “into parts” sense of asunder is often used in the phrase “tear asunder,” which can be used both literally and figuratively (as in “a family torn asunder by tragedy”). The “apart from each other” sense can be found in the phrase “poles asunder,” used to describe two things that are as vastly far apart as the poles of the Earth.


Lake桑

August 29, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:undertaker(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for August 28, 2020 is:

undertaker • \UN-der-tay-ker\  • noun

1 : one who undertakes : one who takes the risk and management of business : entrepreneur

2 : one whose business is to prepare the dead for burial and to arrange and manage funerals

3 : an Englishman taking over forfeited lands in Ireland in the 16th and 17th centuries

Examples:

The undertaker offered the family several choices of coffins for the burial service.

“The movement towards home-thrown funerals is being spearheaded by Heidi Boucher, a self-proclaimed home death-care guide. Boucher is what could best be described as half holistic hippie, and half 19th century undertaker.” — Rob Hoffman, The Times Union (Albany, New York), 24 Feb. 2020

Did you know?

You may wonder how the word undertaker made the transition from “one who undertakes” to “one who makes a living in the funeral business.” The latter meaning descends from the use of the word to mean “one who takes on business responsibilities.” In the 18th century, a funeral-undertaker was someone who undertook, or managed, a funeral business. There were many undertakers in those days, undertaking all sorts of businesses, but as time went on undertaker became specifically identified with the profession of arranging burial. Today, funeral director is more commonly used, but undertaker still appears.


Lake桑

August 28, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:kindred(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for August 27, 2020 is:

kindred • \KIN-drud\  • adjective

1 : of a similar nature or character : like

2 : of the same ancestry

Examples:

“Osterholm over the last few decades has been part of expert panels addressing … infectious zoonotic viruses kindred to Covid-19 such as Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).” — Todd Wilkinson, The Mountain Journal (Bozeman, Montana), 12 Apr. 2020

“This study also highlights how identifying with the personality traits of a musician who feels like a kindred spirit can have positive psychological benefits for the listener.…” — Christopher Bergland, Psychology Today, 5 July 2020

Did you know?

If you believe that advice and relatives are inseparable, the etymology of kindred will prove you right. Kindred comes from a combination of kin and the Old English word ræden (“condition”), which itself comes from the verb rædan, meaning “to advise.” Kindred entered English as a noun first during the Middle Ages. That noun, which can refer to a group of related individuals or to one’s own relatives, gave rise to the adjective kindred in the 14th century.


Lake桑

August 27, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:testimonial(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for August 26, 2020 is:

testimonial • \tess-tuh-MOH-nee-ul\  • noun

1 a : a statement testifying to benefits received

b : a character reference : letter of recommendation

2 : an expression of appreciation : tribute

3 : evidence, testimony

Examples:

“According to research from UPS, … 40% [of Millennials] refer to online reviews and testimonials before purchasing a product….” — Bill McLoughlin, Furniture Today, 9 Dec. 2019

“Members of the Emerson College Student Union rallied behind a pass/fail policy in a list of demands that included eight pages of student testimonials. Many described difficult home situations, illnesses, financial struggles, and general anxiety that impacts their academic performance.” — Diti Kohli, The Boston Globe, 27 Mar. 2020

Did you know?

In 1639, Scottish poet William Drummond responded to the politics of his day with a facetious set of new laws, including one stipulating that “no man wear a … periwig, unless he have a testimonial from a town-clerk, that he is either bald, sickly, or asham’d of white hairs.” Testimonials take different forms, but always, like in Drummond’s faux law, they provide affirmation or evidence. (Testimonial traces to Latin testimonium, meaning “evidence” or “witness.”) In the 19th century, testimonial developed a new use, referring to a tribute—that is, a gift presented as a public expression of appreciation. Today, testimonial is most often used to refer to a statement that endorses a product or service.


Lake桑

August 26, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:requite(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for August 25, 2020 is:

requite • \rih-KWYTE\  • verb

1 a : to make return for : repay

b : to make retaliation for : avenge

2 : to make suitable return to for a benefit or service or for an injury

Examples:

“Before [Steve Junga] was The Blade’s inimitable authority on high school sports, he was a 7-year-old on the East Side in love with the Tigers, who in 1968 requited him by rallying from a three-games-to-one deficit against Bob Gibson and the Cardinals to win the World Series.” — David Briggs, The Blade (Toledo, Ohio), 7 Apr. 2020

“She watched as her son developed a real affection for basketball, even as the game didn’t always requite his feelings (he didn’t crack the varsity team in high school until he was a senior).” — Steve Hummer, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 24 Jan. 2020

Did you know?

You might be familiar with the phrase “unrequited love.” Love that has not been requited is love that has not been returned or paid back in kind, which brings us to the common denominator in the above definitions for requite—the idea of repayment, recompense, or retribution. The quite in requite is a now obsolete English verb meaning “to quit” or “to pay.” (Quite is also related to the English verb quit, the oldest meanings of which include “to pay up” and “to set free.”) Quiten, the Middle English source of quite, can be traced back through Anglo-French to Latin quietus, meaning “quiet” or “at rest,” a word which is also an ancestor of the English word quiet.


Lake桑

August 25, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:estival(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for August 24, 2020 is:

estival • \ESS-tuh-vul\  • adjective

: of or relating to the summer

Examples:

“Horror stories are far more estival than autumnal. Before I ever read [Stephen] King, I learned to love being scared at summer camp, where the older kids would tell us ghost stories by campfire and flashlight. Horror ripens when the pole is tilted toward the sun—when school is out, children are unsupervised, heat makes people crazy, unexplored woods begin to beckon….” — Jeva Lange, The Week, 10 July 2019

“As an estival nod, fresh summer daisies bedecked the tables that were covered with blue, white and red linens, the order of the French colors.” — Nell Nolan, The Advocate (Baton Rouge, Louisiana), 19 July 2016

Did you know?

Estival and festival look so much alike that you might think they’re very closely related, but that isn’t the case. Estival traces back to aestas, which is the Latin word for “summer” (and which also gave us estivate, a verb for spending the summer in a torpid state—a sort of hot-weather equivalent of hibernating). Festival also comes from Latin, but it has a different and unrelated root. It derives from festivus, a term that means “festive” or “merry.” Festivus is also the ancestor of festive and festivity as well as the much rarer festivous (which also means “festive”) and infestive (“not merry, mirthless”).


Lake桑

August 24, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:forte(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for August 23, 2020 is:

forte • \FOR-tay\  • noun

1 : one’s strong point

2 : the part of a sword or foil blade that is between the middle and the hilt and that is the strongest part of the blade

Examples:

“Fried chicken is its forte, including spicy and boneless versions.… Its other specialty is breakfast….” — Tristan Navera, The Columbus (Ohio) Business First, 14 July 2020

“After looking through the gaming options, we decided on Quick Draw—a game that gives one participant a word to draw, while the other callers try to guess what the word is. … And while it turns out that guessing a word based on a sketch is not my forte (I got maybe one right), I was amazed at how mesmerized my whole family was. — Becca Miller, Good Housekeeping, 24 June 2020

Did you know?

Forte derives from the sport of fencing. When English speakers borrowed the word from French in the 17th century, it referred to the strongest part of a sword blade, between the middle and the hilt. It is therefore unsurprising that forte eventually developed an extended metaphorical sense for a person’s strong point. (Incidentally, forte has its counterpoint in the word foible, meaning both the weakest part of a sword blade and a person’s weak point.) There is some controversy over how to correctly pronounce forte. Common choices in American English are “FOR-tay” and “for-TAY,” but many usage commentators recommend rhyming it with fort. In French, it would be written le fort and pronounced more similar to English for. You can take your choice, knowing that someone somewhere will dislike whichever variant you choose. All, however, are standard.


Lake桑

August 23, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:parochial(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for August 22, 2020 is:

parochial • \puh-ROH-kee-ul\  • adjective

1 : of or relating to a church parish

2 : of or relating to a parish as a unit of local government

3 : confined or restricted as if within the borders of a parish : limited in range or scope (as to a narrow area or region) : provincial, narrow

Examples:

The book is marred by the parochial viewpoint of its author, who fails to take into account the interplay between local and global economies.

“Her father, Joseph, a taxi driver who owned his cab, took a second job to pay tuition for the children to attend parochial school.” — Melanie Burney, The Philadelphia Inquirer, 29 June 2020

Did you know?

In the Greek of the New Testament, the word paroikia means “temporary residence in a foreign land” and comes from the Greek word for “stranger”: paroikos. Early Christians used this designation for their colonies because they considered heaven their real home. But temporary or not, these Christian colonies became more organized as time went on. Thus, in Late Latin, parochia became the designation for a group of Christians in a given area under the leadership of one pastor—what we came to call a parish in the 14th century. Both parish and its related adjective parochial were borrowed at that time directly from Anglo-French terms that had been derived from the Late Latin. We didn’t begin to use parochial in its “narrow” sense until the mid-19th century.


Lake桑

August 22, 2020 at 01:00PM

每日一词:exhort(转自 韦氏词典)

原文链接


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for August 21, 2020 is:

exhort • \ig-ZORT\  • verb

1 : to incite by argument or advice : urge strongly

2 : to give warnings or advice : make urgent appeals

Examples:

“You’d think it was easy, making a little cube with dots, but it’s hard to make a die that isn’t biased. The foreman would walk up and down exhorting us: ‘The fate of honest men and women lies in your hands. A single crooked die can ruin a man for life.'” — Margot Livesey, Banishing Verona, 2004

“Teen-age activist Greta Thunberg told world political and business leaders in Davos, Switzerland, on Tuesday that their inaction on the climate crisis was ‘fueling the flames by the hour.’ The 17-year-old exhorted the World Economic Forum audience to ‘act as if you loved your children above all else.'” — Vicky McKeever, CNBC.com, 23 Jan. 2020

Did you know?

Exhort is a 15th-century coinage. It derives from the Latin verb hortari, meaning “to incite,” and it often implies the ardent urging or admonishing of an orator or preacher. English speakers apparently took to the root hort, fiddling around with different prefixes to create other words similar in meaning to exhort. They came up with adhort (meaning the same as exhort) and dehort (a word similar to exhort and adhort but with a more specific meaning of “to dissuade”). Adhort all but vanished after the 17th century. Dehort had a slightly better run than adhort, but it is now considered archaic.


Lake桑

August 21, 2020 at 01:00PM