每日一词:deke(转自 韦氏词典)


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for October 19, 2019 is:

deke • \DEEK\  • verb

: to fake an opponent out of position (as in ice hockey)


“[Carl Yastrzemski] led the league in (outfield) assists seven times. He was great at deking the runner into thinking he’d catch the ball or it was over the wall. Most of the assists were on guys trying for doubles.” — Jon Miller, quoted in The San Francisco Chronicle, 13 June 2019

“After taking a pass from Diego Rossi and avoiding a sliding defender, Vela stepped around another defender inside the box, deked keeper Daniel Vega to the ground then dribbled around him….” — Kevin Baxter, The Los Angeles Times, 21 Aug. 2019

Did you know?

Deke originated as a shortened form of decoy. American writer Ernest Hemingway used deke as a noun referring to hunting decoys in a number of his works, including his 1950 novel Across the River and into the Trees (“I offered to put the dekes out with him”). In the 1940s, deke began appearing in ice-hockey contexts in Canadian print sources in reference to the act of faking an opponent out of position—much like how decoy is used for luring one into a trap. Today, deke has scored in many other sports, including baseball, basketball, soccer, and football. It has also occasionally checked its way into more general usage to refer to deceptive or evasive moves or actions.


October 19, 2019 at 01:00PM


每日一词:hobbyhorse(转自 韦氏词典)


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for October 18, 2019 is:

hobbyhorse • \HAH-bee-horss\  • noun

1 a : a figure of a horse fastened about the waist in the morris dance

b : a dancer wearing this figure

2 a : a stick having an imitation horse’s head at one end that a child pretends to ride

b : rocking horse

c : a toy horse suspended by springs from a frame

3 a : a topic to which one constantly reverts

b : a pursuit outside one’s regular occupation engaged in especially for relaxation : hobby


“Apologies for hopping back on my hobbyhorse, but the lifeblood of every program is recruiting. The first thing Tech’s next coach must do is rustle up pro-style quarterbacks and tight ends because, for 11 years, Tech hasn’t had one.” — Mark Bradley, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 28 Nov. 2018

“When a man gives himself up to the government of a ruling passion,—or, in other words, when his Hobby-Horse grows headstrong,—farewell cool reason and fair discretion.” — Laurence Sterne, The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, 1759

Did you know?

The hobbyhorse is a toy of yesteryear, dating back to a homespun era predating automobiles. In the 1400s, the word hobby could refer to a real-life horse of small or average size. It soon came to refer to the horse costume worn by a person participating in a morris dance or a burlesque performance, and then, later, to the child’s toy. Another meaning of hobbyhorse was “a favorite pursuit or pastime”; our modern noun hobby (referring to an activity that one does for pleasure when not working) was formed by shortening this word. From pastime, the meaning of hobbyhorse was extended to “a subject to which one repeatedly returns.” The sense is typically encountered as part of such phrases as “get on one’s hobbyhorse” or “ride one’s hobbyhorse.”


October 18, 2019 at 01:00PM

每日一词:maunder(转自 韦氏词典)


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for October 17, 2019 is:

maunder • \MAWN-der\  • verb

1 : chiefly British : grumble

2 : to wander slowly and idly

3 : to speak indistinctly or disconnectedly


The bed-and-breakfast was delightful but we felt a bit captive in the morning as our host maundered on while we hovered at the door, hoping to escape before the morning had passed.

“Listening to [Kenneth Branagh playing Hercule Poirot] feels like chatting with your neighbor over the garden hedge, and it’s all too easy to be distracted by the foliage, I’m afraid, as he maunders on about knife wounds and sleeping potions and missing kimonos.” — Anthony Lane, The New Yorker, 20 Nov. 2017

Did you know?

Maunder looks a lot like meander, and that’s not all the two words have in common—both mean “to wander aimlessly,” either physically or in speech. Some critics have suggested that while meander can describe a person’s verbal and physical rambling, in addition to the wanderings of things like paths and streams, maunder should be limited to wandering words. The problem with that reasoning is that maunder has been used of the physical movements of people since the 18th century, whereas meander didn’t acquire that use until the 19th. These days, meander tends to be the more common choice, although maunder does continue to turn up in both applications.


October 17, 2019 at 01:00PM

每日一词:genial(转自 韦氏词典)


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for October 16, 2019 is:

genial • \JEE-nee-ul\  • adjective

1 : favorable to growth or comfort : mild

2 : marked by or freely expressing sympathy or friendliness

3 : displaying or marked by genius


“What country seems more sensible? The even discourse, the reflexive politeness, the brilliant yet genial wit, that easy embrace of hellish cold: Canada is a rock. Canada is the neighbor who helps clean out your garage.… Canada is always so … solid.” — S. L. Price, Sports Illustrated, 12 Mar. 2019

“… Sony Pictures confirmed that its upcoming Fred Rogers film will be called ‘A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood.’ The announcement came by way of Twitter…, with the studio again sharing a picture of its star Tom Hanks seated on a trailer stoop in character as the genial children’s programming pioneer—cardigan and all.” — Nardine Saad, The Los Angeles Times, 28 December 2018

Did you know?

Genial derives from the Latin adjective genialis, meaning “connected with marriage.” When genial was first adopted into English in the mid-16th century, it meant “of or relating to marriage,” a sense that is now obsolete. Genialis was formed in Latin by combining the -alis suffix (meaning “of, relating to, or characterized by”) with genius, meaning “a person’s disposition or inclination.” As you may have guessed, Latin genius is the ancestor of the English word genius, meaning “extraordinary intellectual power”—so it’s logical enough that genial eventually developed a sense (possibly influenced by the German word genial) of “marked by very high intelligence.”


October 16, 2019 at 01:00PM

每日一词:belfry(转自 韦氏词典)


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for October 15, 2019 is:

belfry • \BEL-free\  • noun

1 : a bell tower; especially : one surmounting or attached to another structure

2 : a room or framework for enclosing a bell

3 : the seat of the intellect : head


“The mission stands a little back of the town, and is a large building, or rather collection of buildings, in the centre of which is a high tower, with a belfry of five bells….” — Richard Henry Dana, Jr., Two Years Before the Mast, 1840

“In 1963, a stone steeple over the belfry was removed after settling of the foundation compromised its integrity.” — Stephen Mills, The Times Argus (Barre-Montpelier, Vermont), 12 July 2019

Did you know?

Surprisingly, belfry does not come from bell, and early belfries did not contain bells at all. Belfry comes from the Middle English berfrey, a term for a wooden tower used in medieval sieges. The structure could be rolled up to a fortification wall so that warriors hidden inside could storm the battlements. Over time, the term was applied to other types of shelters and towers, many of which had bells in them. This association of berfrey with bell towers, seems to have influenced the dissimilation of the first r in berfrey to an l, and people began representing this pronunciation in writing with variants such as bellfray, belfrey, and belfry (the last of which has become the standard spelling). On a metaphorical note, someone who has “bats in the belfry” is insane or eccentric. This phrase is responsible for the use of bats for “insane” (as in “Are you completely bats?”) and the occasional use of belfry for “head” (“He’s not quite right in the belfry”).


October 15, 2019 at 01:00PM

每日一词:exoteric(转自 韦氏词典)


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for October 14, 2019 is:

exoteric • \ek-suh-TAIR-ik\  • adjective

1 a : suitable to be imparted to the public

b : belonging to the outer or less initiate circle

2 : relating to the outside : external


As a specialist writing for a broader audience, Annette faces the challenge of producing an exoteric synthesis of complex information.

“Mainstream Judaism is primarily an exoteric, or outwardly oriented, religion, with a focus on reason, philosophy and ethics. Yet it has always had an esoteric side, expressed in the kabbalah and other mystical teachings.” — Rodger Kamenetz, The San Francisco Chronicle, 9 Dec. 1990

Did you know?

Exoteric derives from Latin exotericus, which is itself from Greek exōterikos, meaning “external,” and ultimately from exō, meaning “outside.” Exō has a number of offspring in English, including exotic, exonerate, exorbitant, and the combining form exo- or ex- (as in exoskeleton and exobiology). The antonym of exoteric is esoteric, meaning “designed for or understood by the specially initiated alone”; it descends from the Greek word for “within,” esō.


October 14, 2019 at 01:00PM

每日一词:triskaidekaphobia(转自 韦氏词典)


Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for October 13, 2019 is:

triskaidekaphobia • \triss-kye-dek-uh-FOH-bee-uh\  • noun

: fear of the number 13


“We’ve gathered a list of 13 local theater productions to help you get into that eerie Halloween feeling. Just don’t let triskaidekaphobia—fear of the number 13—stop you from seeing one of these theater productions opening across the state this month.” — Whitney Butters Wilde, The Deseret News, 1 Oct. 2018

“If you’ve got triskaidekaphobia, this event is not for you…. On Friday, April 13, some fans of the horror movie ‘Friday the 13th’ will get a chance to stay overnight at the New Jersey camp where the original film in the slasher series was shot.” — Amy Lieu, The New York Post, 21 Feb. 2018

Did you know?

It’s impossible to say just how or when the number thirteen got its bad reputation. There are a number of theories, of course. Some say it comes from the Last Supper because Jesus was betrayed afterwards by one among the thirteen present. Others trace the source of the superstition back to ancient Hindu beliefs or Norse mythology. But if written references are any indication, the phenomenon isn’t all that old (at least, not among English speakers). Known mention of fear of thirteen in print dates back only to the late 1800s. By circa 1911, however, it was prevalent enough to merit a name, which was formed by attaching the Greek word for “thirteen”—treiskaideka (dropping that first “e”)—to phobia (“fear of”).


October 13, 2019 at 01:00PM