每日一词:abbreviate(转自 韦氏词典)

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Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for March 18, 2020 is:

abbreviate • \uh-BREE-vee-ayt\  • verb

: to make briefer; especially : to reduce (a word or name) to a shorter form intended to stand for the whole

Examples:

Due to time constraints, the last speaker at the ceremony had to abbreviate her speech.

“New Mexico’s legislative sessions are abbreviated from 60 to 30 days in even years and limited in the scope of what can be considered.” — Patrick Kulp, Adweek.com, 9 Jan. 2020

Did you know?

Abbreviate and abridge both mean “to make shorter,” so it probably will come as no surprise that both derive from the Latin verb brevis, meaning “short.” Abbreviate first appeared in print in English in the 15th century and derives from abbreviātus, the past participle of Late Latin abbreviāre, which in turn can be traced back to brevis. Abridge, which appeared a century earlier, also comes from abbreviāre but took a side trip through the Anglo-French abreger before arriving in Middle English as abreggen. Brevis is also the ancestor of English brief itself, as well as brevity and breviary (“a prayer book” or “a brief summary”), among other words.


Lake桑

March 18, 2020 at 01:00PM