每日一词:doldrums(转自 韦氏词典)

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Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for January 26, 2019 is:

doldrums • \DOHL-drumz\  • plural noun

1 : a spell of listlessness or despondency

2 often capitalized Doldrums : a part of the ocean near the equator abounding in calms, squalls, and light shifting winds

3 : a state or period of inactivity, stagnation, or slump

Examples:

“A vacation on a tropical island could be just the thing you need to fight against the winter doldrums,” said Christine as she handed me the resort’s brochure.

“At the time, the bourbon industry was in the process of emerging from a lengthy period of doldrums and rebranding itself as not just something old men drank.” — The Kentucky Standard, 21 Nov. 2018

Did you know?

Almost everyone gets the doldrums—a feeling of low spirits and lack of energy—every once in a while. The doldrums experienced by sailors, however, are usually of a different variety. In the early-19th century, the word once reserved for a feeling of despondency came to be applied to certain tropical regions of the ocean marked by the absence of strong winds. Sailing vessels, reliant on wind propulsion, struggled to make headway in these regions, leading to long, arduous journeys. The exact etymology of doldrums is not certain, though it is believed to be related to the Old English dol, meaning “foolish”—a history it shares with our adjective dull.


Lake桑

January 26, 2019 at 01:00PM